Batavian Republic


Batavian Republic
   In the National Assembly that convened after the Batavian Revolution in March 1796, political opinions differed on the extent to which the state should be national and unitary. The Federalists, Unitarians, and Moderates held different views about provincial powers (financially and economically), the Unitarians supporting a strong, central, and national government. After a coup by the democratic left wing of the Unitarians, a constitution was proclaimed in May 1798 (replacing the 1579 Union of Utrecht), in which the ideas of the Unitarians had triumphed—not without strong pressure from the French government. After the extremists were dislodged in June 1798, the constitution was moderately implemented. It was only after the promulgation of a more decentralizing, less democratic constitution in 1801, however, that parts of a national legislation on education and so on could be adopted. In 1806, under pressure by the French emperor Napoleon I, the Batavian Republic accepted his brother Louis Napoleon as king of Holland, under whose government the codification of law bore fruit.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

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  • Batavian Republic — Republic of the Netherlands after it was conquered by France in 1795. Its government, set up in 1798, was bound to France by alliance. In 1805 Napoleon renamed it the Batavian Commonwealth and placed executive power in the hands of a dictator. In …   Universalium

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  • Batavian Republic — geographical name the Netherlands under the French (1795 1806) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Batavian Republic — name for the Netherlands during the French Revolutionary wars (1795 to 1806); the Netherlands during rule of Louis Bonaparte (1806–1810) …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Batavian Republic constitutional referendum, 1797 — A referendum on the constitution of the Batavian Republic was held on August 8, 1797. The draft constitution was rejected, eventually culminating in a coup d étât.BackgroundThe country we now know as the Netherlands had declared independence as… …   Wikipedia

  • States-General of the Batavian Republic — The States General of the Batavian Republic was the name for the Dutch government between January, 1795 and March 1796. It was nominally the same as the States General of the Dutch Republic, the predecessor of the Batavian Republic, as the old… …   Wikipedia

  • National Assembly of the Batavian Republic — The National Assembly of the Batavian Republic was the name for the Dutch parliament between 1796 and 1801. The National assembly was founded in 1796 after general elections. It replaced the States General of the Batavian Republic. The President… …   Wikipedia

  • Revolutionary Committee of the Batavian Republic — The Revolutionary Committee of the Batavian Republic was formed on 17 January 1795, when revolution broke out in The Netherlands against the regime of prince William V of Orange. The Dutch army was defeated by the French, and the French were seen …   Wikipedia

  • Batavian — Ba*ta vi*an, a. 1. Of or pertaining to the Batavi, an ancient Germanic tribe. [1913 Webster] 2. Of or pertaining to Batavia or Holland; as, a Batavian legion. [1913 Webster] {Batavian Republic}, the name given to Holland by the French after its… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English